2 July 2017, 08:20:19 There are some states where the population is increasing faster than the country.
The fastest growth in India’s population is in Gujarat, where population is rising by 10% annually.
Other states where population growth is faster are in Andhra Pradesh (up 5% annually), Madhya Pradesh (6% annually) and Rajasthan (up 2% annually).
What are the reasons behind the slow growth in these states?
State Population growth per 100,000 people Source: Bureau of Census (2016) The key to the slow population growth in states like Gujarat, Madhya, and Rajadamnern lies in their lack of infrastructure and public transport.
In other words, India’s infrastructure has not improved since the early 1990s, which means many people are unable to access and utilise the public transport network.
This has been reflected in the growing number of deaths and serious illnesses caused by accidents.
“We have to take a very long view of how we develop our infrastructure,” says Amit Chatterjee, the head of the Urban Land Institute, an NGO that focuses on urban planning and land use in India.
Chatteree points out that while India has improved its roads, its public transport system has not yet evolved to cater to people who are in cities.
“There is still a long way to go,” he says.
What is the problem?
India’s cities have many challenges that hinder the growth of the country’s population.
One of them is the growing disparity between the wealth of urban and rural India.
India’s average income is just over $5,000 a year, according to a 2015 study by the Centre for Urban Economics and Policy (CUESEP).
In contrast, the average rural household’s annual income is over $20,000.
India is also facing an aging population.
According to the Census Bureau, the number of people aged 65 and over in India is expected to rise to 26.7 million by 2022.
The elderly population is expected hit especially hard because of the increase in the use of assisted living facilities.
India has also been experiencing a slow economic growth, as the world economy has remained stagnant.
According the UN’s World Population Prospects report, the world population is forecast to grow by only 1.4% per year from 2016 to 2060.
“The main problem in India will be the lack of a comprehensive public policy for addressing population,” says Chatterie.
“What can be done is a holistic approach of planning, development, and infrastructure,” he adds.
How can we fix it?
In a recent survey by CESC, India ranked 27th out of the 38 countries in terms of its ease of doing business and its ease in dealing with foreign investors.
This is despite the fact that India has one of the fastest growing economies in the world.
“India is very much in need of a robust economy and this can only be achieved through strong and robust public policy,” says Virendra Singh, the executive director of CESCO, an organisation that works on issues related to public policy in India, India, and around the world, according the organisation’s website.
“This requires addressing the major challenges facing India, including the poor infrastructure, underdeveloped rural infrastructure, and a lack of public transport.”
But how can we improve the public infrastructure in India?
India has made some strides in public transport and healthcare infrastructure, but the country needs to take more of an urban-centric approach to this.
According a 2016 study by CUESEP, the rural population is the fastest-growing segment of the population in India and the country is expected be one of Asia’s fastest-expanding countries by 2050.
India needs to tackle the problem of poor infrastructure and create public transport infrastructure.
This can be achieved by investing in public transit, including public bus, metro and ferry services.
Public transport infrastructure needs to be well connected to major roads, roads with high priority, bridges, and major city areas.
Public bus infrastructure can also be upgraded, like a dedicated bus lane.
The government should ensure that buses operate in areas with priority.
There should be enough buses for every person, with a fixed number of seats, and buses should be able to park on the right side of a road.
There is also the need to build more public transport stations, like the ones in the city and the villages.
The state should also ensure that it does not over-burden rural areas.
This could include constructing new buses to run between these stations.
This would be an opportunity for the government to attract more people to work and travel to the urban areas.
What do you think about India’s slow growth?
Let us know your views in the comments section below.